What To Expect In Residency
Residency is an integral step in how becoming a doctor works. Successful completion in a post graduate medical training position in a residency program is a required preliminary to becoming fully licensed to practice as a physician in the United States. This transitional stage of graduate medical training begins after graduating from an accredited medical school with a medical degree and meeting program requirements. Medical specialty internships known as residency is the time between being a medical school graduate and becoming a doctor.
The national resident match program determines where you practice and most rotations take place in teaching hospitals but some are also community based. Clinical teaching rotations allows the medical student to act as an intern and develop procedural and cognitive skills and practice patient interactive skills. Residency life hours are long and the expectations are high in clinical rotations even as post graduate year one residents (PGY-1).
During this time you gain a new set of friends, build confidence, and demonstrate competence in the specialty you set out to focus on. Depending on the requirements of the rotation you will be allowed to see patients, take histories, perform physicals, listen, learn, observe, and participate in procedures. Residency life is a time of intense personal and professional growth with memories that will last a lifetime.
What Happens After Residency
Medical residency programs are a minimum of three years but some sub-specialties can take up to five years. As you close out your senior year specialty rotations you will find flexibility in your schedule to travel to interviews to make the most of your potential opportunities. As you complete major specialty rotations you will inherit an increasing amount of responsibility and frequently be on call to provide more complex care.
After completing your residency requirements you can apply for an unrestricted medical license to seek employment within the medical profession. You can then choose to earn a board certification in your specialty that demonstrates your knowledge in a specific medical specialty. Most doctors then enter private practice or become employed by a hospital after residency. If you plan on going into a sub-specialty like pathology, neurosurgery, or neonatology you can complete a one or two year fellowship to increase your expertise and increase your value in terms of potential earnings.
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